In this unique book, Chambers- Jones undertakes empirical research into gambling in virtual worlds and highlights the jurisprudential issues relating to economic internet crime and digital currencies. Gambling is an old phenomenon and advancements in technology have seen gambling behaviour transverse a new path. The law in this area has not kept pace with such technological advances, leaving grey areas of concern un-discussed and un-regulated. The relationship between real world legislation and advancements in technology demonstrates ineffectual transposition of law onto new modern phenomena, generating loopholes in legislative protection. Financial Crime and Gambling in a Virtual World, provides a critical discussion on laws relating to gambling in virtual worlds, commenting that terms such as 'virtual' or 'fantasy law' are unhelpful in promoting effective legislation. The discussion reveals how virtual world gambling dominos onto other criminal acts within virtual worlds, specifically through criminal aspects of digital currencies. New forms of virtual world crimes need to be taken seriously and accepted as a threat in order to build legislation that acknowledges the growing use of new technologies in forms of financial crimes. Chambers- Jones concludes through presenting the necessity for joined up national and international legislation to effectively tackle virtual world crimes. This distinctive investigation will appeal to PHD and master's students or researchers with an interest in cybercrime, economic internet crime and virtual economies. Practitioners, Policy writers and Law enforcement officers will find this book informative in promoting further legislation to encompass new technologies in economic internet crime.
Providing comprehensive discussion of this newly developing branch of sports medicine, this unique and up-to-date book focuses specifically on the treatment of athletes who train for and participate in endurance sporting events, including not only traditional endurance athletes such as runners, swimmers, bikers and triathletes, but also rowers, adventure racers, military personnel, and cross-fit athletes. Detailing strategies for not only treating and preventing injuries and conditions but also for optimizing an athlete's performance, it is divided into three thematic sections. The first section covers common medical conditions faced by the endurance athlete, including cardiovascular conditions, asthma, and heat- and altitude-related illnesses, while also discussing gender differences, pregnancy and the pediatric endurance athlete. Section two focuses on the management of common musculoskeletal conditions, such as stress fractures, overuse injuries of the soft tissue, compartment syndrome, shoulder and hip injuries, and exercise and osteoarthritis. The last section presents special considerations for the endurance athlete, including gait and swim-stroke analysis, bike fitting, mental preparation, optimizing nutrition, and how to organize medical coverage for events, as well as decision-making for return to play. A timely topic and one which has not been written about extensively in one concise collection of chapters, Endurance Sports Medicine is a valuable guide for sports medicine physicians, orthopedists, athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, officials, and athletes in understanding the needs of the determined individuals who participate in endurance sports.
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